We have begun a time of study in the first 3 chapters of the Revelation. I thought it would be helpful to document the main points as we go. This is a bit of a geek fest.
Who, what, when, where…
First of all, this “book” of the Bible is a letter. Here are some basics.
Title: The Revelation (This is the short title. Scholars say we could think of the first 3 verses as the title. Also note, this is SINGULAR, there is no “s” at the end. We have instituted among ourselves a harsh and demanding demerit system. If anyone says “Revelations” then the whole group gets a demerit)
Through: Jesus, Angel, John (we assume the Apostle John)
Purpose: To tell us about future events
When was it written: Estimates are In the range of 54-96 AD.
Soon: Verses 1 and 4 say “soon” and “near” in the ESV version. There is a sense of urgency and anticipation. This is not a fearful thing but rather a hopeful thing. Written to a persecuted people who needed encouragement, this letter of the coming of an all powerful rescuer is exactly what they needed to hear. This is exactly what we need to hear as well in a time when discouragement is at an all time high. Suicide is a major killer in the USA. Psych drugs are a best seller by pharmaceutical companies. Relationships are a mess in the home as well as in public spheres where hatred is constantly spewed at one another in social media settings.
We discussed that this is a tough pill to swallow because we are reading this 2,000 year old letter about something happening soon. How are we to take it? Has it not yet happened? Is “soon” a very flexible sort of word? Will it ever happen?
One author referenced the fact that all of the New Testament talks this way. We are to live with a constant expectation that God will show up and that we should have hope. Others talk about the flexibility of the word “soon” in light of eternity. What may seem like a long time to us is just a moment in that perspective. Another idea is that these moments of God’s visitation to us are constantly happening as bad leaders fall over the course of history such as various Pharaohs, Nebuchadnezzar, Nero, and Domitian. Our bad times will pass and the key to our surviving them is in keeping His word in hope. We contribute to the Kingdom of God as we live well right now and one day He will come in finality to do away with evil once and for all. Be filled with hope, He is coming soon!
Bear witness: The path of our receiving this letter comes through a chain of faithful witnesses. The path of the letter testifies with God to Jesus to angel to John to churches. And then within the churches it has continued from readers to listeners and around and around it goes. All who participate in this activity are called “blessed” in v3! A very important details is that we not only bear witness in word but also in deed as the blessing reminds us to "keep" what is written. Obedience has always been important. People are more likely to listen when we are people of integrity. Fakers can be sniffed out very quickly. The word for “witness” is a form of the Greek “Martyreo” which exists in noun and verb versions and is where we get our English word “Martyr.” The most extreme example of a martyr is someone who dies for what they are bearing witness to. The word is found 3 times in these first 8 verses. Twice in v2 and once in v5. This connects back to the calling of the first humans to “be fruitful and multiply” Gen 1:28 and continues through Jesus’ commission to his people to “Go into all the world and preach the good news…” Mark 16:15. Bear witness to Jesus and you will be blessed.
Jesus is the Almighty God: Much is made of Jesus in these very few introductory sentences. Verses 5-8 hit us with a tsunami of facts about who Jesus is and what He has done. As we take the time to list each one, and to dig up verses where each idea is reinforced, and look up where the idea originates in the Hebrew scriptures, and consider what difference it makes to us. As we do this we cannot help but be filled with awe in remembering why we believed in the first place and why we can walk in much confidence and hope.
I think we would all agree that one thing we need in our lives is access to God's resources. Where we tend to diverge is in how we access those resources. I listened to this featured podcast and was reminded that God's resources are like light, and that they come through "stained glass." Sometimes the stained glass attracts us and sometimes it repels us. But, it is not about the stained glass. It is about the resources of God. I invite you to experience the fullness of God's resources. This may mean overlooking some of the methods you may receive them, perhaps even getting a bit uncomfortable in order to receive what He has to offer. This podcast is available as a YouTube link below and also through your favorite podcast app.
And Jesus grew in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and man.
This truth about Jesus is communicated in Luke 2:40 and shortly after in 2:52. Previously it was said very similarly of his cousin John (1:80) and in the Old Testament of Samuel (1 Sam 2:26). Here we find examples of what the Proverbs implore us to do (Prov 1:8)
Listen, my son, to your father’s instruction
Samuel, John, and Jesus model for us something that is celebrated throughout scriptures. We are encouraged to grow in our humanity in every aspect. It is maturity. We could break it down specifically into spiritual formation or discipleship, but scriptures really do talk to our whole life. In a sense, everything is spiritual. Or, said another way, everything in our life is affected by our spirituality.
We are constantly encouraged to remain on a trajectory of growth. We never stop, never check out or retire. We should ask ourselves, “Am I growing? How am I growing? In what ways have I fell back on autopilot?”
I am not talking about an overachieving, works-based, frenetic way of life. I am talking about an honest assessment and a plan to grow. I’ve heard it said that we should all have a “Paul” (a mentor) and a “Timothy” (an apprentice). There is something good about having people in your life who encourage and sometimes challenge you forward as well as to have someone that you are pouring into. When I have people that I feel a sense of responsibility for, I tend to stay on a path of growth. When I am completely on my own I tend to check out.
Here are some questions that could be asked to begin to assess and create a plan:
Growing is good. Embrace it and enjoy!
Up, In, and Out - A community that’s going somewhere.
The video on Up, In, and Out has stuck with me. I like the simplicity, the categories it provides, and the "interconnectedness" of each of the components. It also seems doable and resonates to my experience.
I was listening to NT Wright recently and he was encouraging folks to be connected to a local church. He says that he cannot pastor someone through a podcast. We need a pastor who knows us well enough to speak into our lives and to be there for us when we have a need. I love the sentiment, but have never experienced it. Church in America is different than Reverend Wright’s British context. We typically have large churches and if the Pastor remembers your name he certainly does not know about your needs, or how to speak into your life.
But, he got my attention. I can’t pastor myself. Expecting a young christian to pastor themselves is outright dangerous. We need support, encouragement, guidance, and accountability. We need someone to check our ideas to make sure we don’t go off into wackyland. Sometimes I need friends who push me a little. I love it when I feel pushed and when it is totally not intended to be that way. When a friend shares a conviction and how they are wrestling with a topic and I find that it pierces my soul and makes me wrestle as well.
I need this kind of community. Where we go a bit deeper than the surface talk. Where we share actual joys and actual struggles. Where we have fun together and even weep together. In the end it is a community where we are actually transformed by a constant pressing of the gospel message into our souls. This is very hard to experience in a Sunday morning environment or any other event oriented relationship. Do you have this sort of community?
And let us consider how to provoke one another to love and good deeds, not neglecting to meet together, as is the habit of some, but encouraging one another, and all the more as you see the Day approaching.
Changing your clothes seems hard when you’re a child. For a grandparent, it’s hard to watch those little munchkins wrestle to get the shirt on or off. But when we grow up a little, it gets easy. We learn to change all sorts of things besides clothing. There are a/c filters, tires, even jobs and neighborhoods. Changing habits can be a bit harder. Such as adding physical exercise to life, or adopting a specific diet. Harder still is changing in character.
Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed
The Bible commands “be transformed” in Romans 12:2.The idea is communicated in dozens of other places but in this one it is a clear, brief command. For grammar geeks it is particularly interesting because it is a command but it is passive. A better English translation might be “let yourself be transformed” or “let God transform you” as the NLT puts it. In other words we are told to do something but we are not the one to do it because we are passive in it. So, we have to choose to allow transformation to happen. But we are creatures of habit. Changing our character (or allowing it to be changed) can be very hard.
Our tendency is to fake it. It goes like this. We start going to a church, we hear the gospel message, and we genuinely respond in faith. Then we find ourselves on the inside. God changes some things very quickly if we stick with it. We also watch the other people and start acting like they act. We want to be on the inside. We want to be accepted and liked. So, often we fake it. We hide undesirable activities and character traits and get into a new rhythm of life. But the command still says “be transformed.” The grammar of it is in the present tense. So, it could just as well say “keep on being transformed.” There is so much more growth to be had. But sometimes the effort to grow is more than we want to expend. So, we just hide it. We fake it.
I am reminded that much of the Bible speaks to a crowd rather than to an individual. I think we ought to read it as a crowd in order to get the proper effect. In other words, I am not to just sit in my room alone and be transformed, but I am to do this in community. I do well when I talk about my struggles with my close friends and ask them for help and prayer. Hebrews 10:24 in the NLT reads “Let us think of ways to motivate one another to acts of love and good works.” Spiritual growth is a team sport. This is a struggle for our tendency to pose… our tendency to hide and fake it.
I feel like if we could just admit it and embrace it, we would be so much better off. I remember people wearing shirts in the past that said “me too.” If we adopted that posture it might do us some good. I struggle too. We are in this together. Let’s help each other grow.
We read the story of Abraham and can’t help but chuckle at some of his bizarre decisions. He gives up his wife, saying she is his sister, to the Pharaoh of Egypt. He decides he will help God to give him a child by taking his wife’s maidservant as a wife. Again, Abraham gives up his wife to another king calling her his sister. (And creepy enough, Sarah was his half-sister!)
And yet, the writer of Hebrews exalts him.
By faith Abraham, when called to go to a place he would later receive as his inheritance, obeyed and went, even though he did not know where he was going.
There is a lesson in the way the story of Abraham is recalled. They don’t recall his failures but instead recall his success. It’s a given that men will fail. We often can’t get out of our own way… we trip ourselves. Abraham was remembered for his faith and even for the right things he did. This is good news for those of us who have botched the plan more than once. We are not remembered by our good Father for all the times we did it wrong, but instead are remembered for all the times that Jesus did it right!
In this we can glean another lesson. Behind all our good and bad deeds is a good Father who is redeeming the world. He intended a world that would reflect his goodness and He is making it so. He is blessing the nations. He is changing hearts, one by one. He is using the very creatures who messed it all up to make it all right again.
On Father’s Day we can be reminded that we have a good Father. His goodness overshadows our shortcomings. As we watch Him clean up our messes time after time, we can learn to praise Him for the redemptive work that He is doing. As we cheer on these works, and marvel at His wisdom, we find ourselves imitating His wonderful ways. We find ourselves being transformed, slowly but surely, into the creatures that He desires.
Happy Father’s Day!
This morning I read Psalms 6-8. I was simply reading to hear God’s voice to my soul. Looking for refreshment and inspiration. Hungering for His presence. One of my distant mentors encourages reading through the Psalms continually.
I started reading and had a hard time relating to chapters 6 & 7. They were about dealing with an enemy. My life is very easy right now. My only personal enemy seems to be inside my head (the big enemy). I struggle with my lack of a sense of accomplishment. Sometimes I worry that something will go wrong to disturb my comfort :) but I certainly do not relate to an enemy anything like David did. (Ps 6:7)
My eyes grow weak with sorrow; they fail because of all my foes.
Then Psalm 8 came along and shifted the conversation. The focus is on God and the majesty of His name. It is a great Psalm of praise to lift our hearts from dismay. As we read, we can find encouragement in His grand design. In that, we are reminded of his purpose for mankind. (Psalm 8:5-6)
You made him a little lower than the heavenly beings
I am reminded that we are called to rule the world in a sense. I am also reminded that ruling the world can have a variety of difficulties.
When we have in our hearts a peaceful world where God sits on the throne and all are cared for... then we see the enemy. We see the enemy in stupid decisions, unkindness, utter evil. We see him in hunger, addiction, hopelessness, and loneliness. We must fight against these things.
When our heart is focused on this mission, then we find ourselves crying out for God’s rescue. (Ps 6:3-4)
My soul is in anguish,
The earth is tormented with the curse. God is a good Father. He desires to redeem us and to restore us. He will do it! Bring Him your heart and bring Him your tears.
I was a latecomer to church, never attending until my mid-twenties. Occasionally I would help with the kids ministry. They would sing the song “Father Abraham.” It’s funny to me that the kids would feature him in contrast to adult ministry. We didn’t talk about him so much.
In this current study of Abraham, he has been magnified. In the past I only thought about Abraham in regard to justification by faith and the Isaac sacrifice thing. This time around I see how bright he was in a rather bleak story. The fall of Genesis 3 leads to the first children murdering one another and a terrible downward spiral to chapter 6 where Noah shows up to bring some rest and refreshment. Then, immediately following we see the downward spiral continue with the tower of Babel. Gen 11:4 reads:
Come, let us build ourselves a city, with a tower that reaches to the heavens, so that we may make a name for ourselves and not be scattered over the face of the whole earth.
Their hearts were bent on doing exactly opposite of what God had made man to do. We are reminded of the reality that God so plainly stated after the flood in Gen 8:21:
Never again will I curse the ground because of man, even though every inclination of his heart is evil from childhood.
So, along comes Abram. He is no shining star but at least he is eligible to be used. He has not married his niece, he has not built a city to make a name for himself, and he has remained alive. (Gen 11:27-32) God chose to use him. God chose to bless him. Abram had not removed himself from the realm of blessing. God promised to bless him and use him to bring blessings to all the nations of the earth. God was intent on carrying out His mission and he will use anyone who will not remove themselves from the possibility.
I will make you into a great nation
Jesus is the ultimate offspring of Abraham. Through faith in Him we find complete forgiveness. Through faith in Him, anyone can remain in the realm of blessing! We can all be used to carry out the mission of God in our little microcosms.
When Peter made the faithful profession in Matt 16:16
You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.
Jesus told him that this is the stuff that He builds His church on. Abram expressed faith by believing and by acting in accordance with his belief. It wasn’t just lip service. Abram does exactly what God had asked him. (Gen 12:4)
So Abram left, as the Lord had told him
To be clear, Abram is no shining example of a human. But, he has remained in the realm of blessing through critical measures of obedience. Through obedience he chose to pursue the mission of God. He chose to allow God to bless the nations through him. His name would be made great because he humbled himself through obedience.
Our challenge is simple. Will we accept the call to bless the nations? Will we remain in the realm of blessing through faithful obedience? Will we set our hearts on walking with God and being a blessing to all in our path?
Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.”
Made in the image of God! Now that’s pretty cool. And not just to be one of His many creatures but to be his image bearers. Created to care for all that he created. Later we find out a little more on this calling.
The Lord God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to work it and keep it.
The words that are translated “work” and “keep” can be more descriptively translated as “to serve” and “to keep something safe.” We aren’t just one of the creatures. We also aren’t the bad creatures. We are created as the pinnacle of His creative work. But yes… we fell. But that is not the end of the story! We all know this. But we must keep in mind that we were created for good and were redeemed for good (Eph 2:10). But, what good were we created and redeemed for? What are we supposed to do?
We find that our created purpose of serving the creation and keeping it safe was never revoked. The fall only made it harder to do. Procreation becomes life threatening and work becomes sweaty and often fruitless (Gen 3:16-19). But, redemption offers us much hope (John 15:5) when we learn to walk it out in a nurtured relationship with our creator.
We find that as soon as the fall occurred, and before the curse was pronounced, the creator offers hope of redemption.
I will put enmity between you and the woman,
The woman, who first ate the fruit, is told that she will be the source of redemption. Did you hear that? She will be the source. She will bear a child that will crush the head of the enemy! That means, that as we continue our most difficult and dangerous calling, we will see redemption. Since we now read this creation story from a post-cross point of view, we can rejoice that redemption has come. But it has not come in whole, only in part. We must continue our work of caring for the creation, among other things. Let us not abandon our post. There are many ways to serve God’s creation. Let imagination and the gentle voice of the Spirit guide you as you discover His purposes.
Jesus offers a full and vibrant view of the Kingdom of God. Do we receive it? Many of us were formed by traditions that see things much smaller… a micro kingdom, or a kingdom that is far away in place or time. Are we merely waiting for this whole thing to wrap up, for a rapture, for a hostile reversal? Jesus offers a big juicy slice of pie that is satisfying and abundant. Salvation that is much bigger than a golden ticket to a world that will exist one day, forgiveness that is more than just one time or only aimed at you. Joy is more than just an idea or wishful thinking. The kingdom has come! Do we believe it, do we receive it, do we live it?
This new series aims to spur us on to living out the way of the kingdom. We are following a book by Christopher Wright called “The Mission of God's People” in hopes of finding a bigger piece of pie!
I’m plagued by the question, “Why am I here?” It’s been a major hobby of mine to consider and pursue all my adult years. Christopher Wright has been a great encouragement to me in his books. This current title provides the framework we are following. We started with Luke 24 “Road to Emmaus” where Jesus connects the dots of the biblical story for some friends in two different interactions. This is the springboard of our study as we walk through various key passages of the Bible that direct us in our mission.
A shepherd and his journey